Neutering & Spaying In Cats: Birth Control for Your Pet

neutering in cats

Are your Cats Fighting always? Are you fed up with too many kittens or Are you fed up with your male cats peeing on your walls? Then it's time to neuter or spay your cats. Neutering or spaying simply means removing their sexual organs, you may feel sad. 

But it's important for your cat to be a good boy. Your cat will miss his balls. Some owner dumps their cats because of their bad behaviour. After neutering your cat will be calm and will have health benefits which we will discuss in a later part. 

What is Cat Neutering?

Neutering the cat is a common surgery in which male cat testicles are removed to prevent unwanted litter of kittens and can also prevent undesirable behaviour such as aggression or inappropriate urination. Male cats reach puberty by 6 months during which they tend to become hyperactive, and aggressive and won't be able to tame. To overcome that neutering is done.

By avoiding the birth of unwanted offspring, neutering a male cat can save lives. Overpopulation is a major problem in many locations, and neutering aids in managing the cat population, relieving the load on animal shelters, and guaranteeing better care for the current feline population.

Unneutered Male Cats

Neutered Male Cat

• more likely to fight with other cats.

•Less fighting with other cats

•Are more likely to roam around female cats which may lead to car accidents.

•Less likely to roam, reducing the risk of car accidents.

•More tend to urine on wall attracting female cats.

•Less likely to have urine on walls.

•Risk of tumours in testicles

•Unable to develop tumours in testicles

•High level of the urge to mate

•Low level of the urge to mate

Neuter Cat Procedure

Neutering the cat involves administering anaesthesia to calm the cat and ensure a smooth surgery. The vet will monitor the cat's heart rate, blood pressure, and oxygen level. Then the hair from the cat's scrotum is either clipped or plucked and the skin is scrubbed for sterilization. The surgeon makes a small cut on the cat's scrotum and the testicles are embodied through these cuts. 

After the testicular attachment is clamped and bound to prevent bleeding, then each testicle is removed with a scalpel blade. After making the surgeon make sure there is no bleeding. In India, neutering a cat costs around ₹1,000 to ₹5,000 and can vary depending on the location and veterinary clinic. 

What is Cat Spaying?

Spaying in cats is a common surgery in which female cat ovaries and uterus are removed to prevent pregnancy so that there won't be an overpopulation of cats or for the owner who doesn't want to breed their cats. Also, the risk of breast cancer, ovarian cancer, and uterus cancer is eliminated. 

As your female cat reaches puberty around 6-7 months, your cat will be on heat for 2-3 weeks or one year until she becomes pregnant. During this period your cat is frustrated to mate and ultimately be pregnant. Spaying a female cat will stop her estruses cycle or heat. 

Unneutered Female Cat

Neutered Female Cat

Frequently become pregnant, which leads to the overpopulation of kittens

• won't become pregnant

More likely to contract diseases through mating

Less likely to contract diseases like FIV

More likely to get an infection of the womb

Less likely to get an infection of the womb

More likely to get weak due to pregnancy

Less likely to get weak

More aggressive behaviour

Less aggressive behaviour

Spaying Cat Procedure

Spaying surgery cat starts with calming your cat with anaesthesia to avoid any complications. The vet will monitor the cat's heart rate, blood pressure, and oxygen level. Then the hair from the cat's abdomen is trimmed off the skin and a solution is wiped over the abdomen for sterilization. 

The surgeon makes a small incision on the cat's abdomen and tries the find the uterus. The uterus is connected to the ovary, to remove the ovary surgeon cuts its ligament of it. After the procedure stitches are pinched. 

spaying in cat

Tips to follow before/after Neutering & Spaying:

1. Tell your vet about your cat's history before neutering or spaying like past surgery, vaccinations, diseases in the kidney or lungs, etc. All these factors are important or your cat may have complications and may die during surgery

2. Fast your cat for 15-20 hr before surgery and minimal water. Because when cats are given anastasis cats may vomit, these are often observed about 80-90%. Also, food can enter the respiratory system during the operation

3. After surgery cat's temperature drastically comes down. So give warmth to your cats using a heater or blanket.

4. Provide your cat with antibiotics prescribed by the vet for 3-5 days to prevent infection.

5. After operation fast your cat for 24 hrs.

6. Diet of cats should be soft food like chicken meat, jelly food, etc. Food should be given in minimum quantity.

7. E-collar should be worn to avoid licking the wound. Licking will make the wound wet and infection may occur. 


In conclusion, neutering and spaying cats are crucial operations that provide several benefits. Male cat neutering minimises the danger of unwanted litters, hostility, wandering behaviour, and the chance of certain health conditions. 

Female cat spaying minimises overpopulation, removes the danger of some malignancies, and decreases aggressive behaviour. Both procedures need anaesthesia and a surgical procedure done by a veterinarian.
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